The nerves in your child's spinal cord may be exposed, or form outside his vertebrae or skin. There are three types of spina bifida: myelomeningocele, meningocele, and spina bifida occulta. No one knows what disrupts complete closure of the neural tube, causing this malformation to develop. 800-352-9424. Spina bifida is a type of neural tube defect characterized by incomplete closure of the backbone and the membrane surrounding the spinal cord. In the case of spina bifida occulta, the skin of the lesion area is normal or shows some kind of a dent, birthmark or hair. "Spina Bifida Fact Sheet", NINDS, Publication date June 2013. The birth defect spina bifida (SPY-na BIFF-uh-duh) is a type of neural tube defect. A neural tube defect is a problem with the spinal cord, brain and/or their protective coverings caused by the fetus spine failing to close completely during the first month of pregnancy. The Neurological Institute is a leader in treating and researching the most complex neurological disorders and advancing innovations in neurology. What is spina bifida occulta? Orthopedic issues such as osteoporosis, early on-set of arthritis, and progressive back pain. Results of a study announced in early 2020 that was funded by NIH's Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development found that children as young as 6 years old who underwent fetal surgery to repair myelomeningocele are more likely to walk independently and have fewer follow-up surgeries, compared to those who had traditional corrective surgery after birth. Spina Bifida is the most common permanently disabling birth defect that is associated with life in the United States. Many people are unaware they suffer from it. The two main types of spina bifida cystica are called meningocele and myelomeningocele: Meningocele Spina bifida meningocele is the rarest type of spina bifida. National Institution of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. In non-medical terms, it means “split spine”. Closed Spinal Lesions (Spina Bifida Occulta and other dysraphisms) Spina bifida occulta (SBO) is a type of spinal dysraphism or ‘closed’, skin-covered form of spina bifida. There are three types of spina bifida: spina bifida occulta, meningocele and myelomeningocele. Washington, DC 20007-4266 There are three types of spina bifida: spina bifida occulta, meningocele and myelomeningocele. What are the different types of spina bifida? Closed neural tube defects: In this version, there can be a variety of potential defects in the spinal cord’s fat, bone, or meninges. Individuals with the more severe forms of spina bifida often have muscle weakness in their feet, hips, and legs that result in deformities that may be present at birth. Spina bifida occulta literally means "a hidden spot on the spine," and for many people with this type of spina bifida, the spot remains hidden. It can cause part of the spinal cord and areas around it to form outside of the body. Spina bifida occulta (SBO) is a type of spinal dysraphism or ‘closed’, skin-covered form of spina bifida. The severity of the symptoms of spina bifida varies considerably, largely depending on the location of the gap in the spine. Types. P.O. The condition is a type of neural tube defect (NTD). In most cases, spina bifida occulta causes no problems.The general term spina bifida describes several conditions that all arise from a defect in an embryo’s developing spine. Not only does the membrane protrude from the vertebral cleft, but the spinal cord also pushes through the hole. For infants born with a myelomeningocele, the spinal cord does not form properly and a portion o… Adults who have spina bifida face different problems than do children, including: The exact cause of the occurrence of spina bifida isn’t clear. 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