Six additional squadrons were assigned to the 322d Air Division in Europe and the 315th Air Division in the Far East. "These are necessary, routine, flights and not connected with RAF support to the UK's fight against Coronavirus." Spray missions are normally conducted at dusk and nighttime hours when pest insects are most active, the U.S. Air Force Reserve reports. , In 2017, France and Germany announced that they are to build up a joint air transport squadron at Evreux Air Base, France, comprising ten C-130J aircraft. The Lockheed C-130 Hercules is an American four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft designed and built originally by Lockheed (now Lockheed Martin). If requirements are decided for operating in contested airspace, Air Force procurement of C-130s would end by the end of the decade to not have them serviceable by the 2030s and operated when they cannot perform in that environment. This test aircraft set numerous short takeoff and landing performance records and significantly expanded the database for future derivatives of the C-130.  Some C-130s flew with anti-aircraft guns fitted on their ramp and apparently shot down some 17 aircraft and damaging 16 others. Inflight-refuelling probes are installed as standard, while the type’s improved range enables most sorties to be flown without the characteristic underwing fuel tanks of the legacy versions. This aircraft was heavily modified (with its most prominent feature being the long red and white striped atmospheric probe on the nose and the move of the weather radar into a pod above the forward fuselage). After demonstrating many new technologies, some of which were applied to the C-130J, the HTTB was lost in a fatal accident on 3 February 1993, at Dobbins Air Reserve Base, in Marietta, Georgia. The roll-on/roll-off systems allow existing aircraft to be temporarily converted into a 3,000-gallon airtanker for fighting wildfires when demand exceeds the supply of privately contracted and publicly available airtankers.. RAF in 'utterly shocking' unauthorised Hercules plane landing in Ireland. Modified aircraft were designated C.Mk 1P; the first refuelling contact occurred on May 3, 1982, with a Handley Page Victor tanker, and the first combat mission on the 16th. Australia took delivery of 12 C130E Hercules during 1966–67 to supplement the 12 C-130A models already in service with the RAAF. No. No. The system never entered service because it did not improve takeoff performance by the same margin, making the landing performance pointless if the aircraft could not also take off from where it had landed.. It is now the main tactical airlifter for many military forces worldwide. Lyneham, Wiltshire. Lockheed responded with its L-206 design, which the USAF chose as the winning contender on July 2, 1951, ordering two YC-130A prototypes based on the proposal. In the late 1980s, 22 retired USAF C-130As were removed from storage and transferred to the U.S. Forest Service, which then transferred them to six private companies to be converted into airtankers. 2. After the initial invasion, C-130 operators as part of the Multinational force in Iraq used their C-130s to support their forces in Iraq. No. 69-6580 operated by the 61st TAS, 314th TAW, 317th TAW, 314th TAW, 317th TAW, 40th AS, 41st AS, 43rd AW, retired after center wing cracks were detected in April 2002; to the. Indeed, the Cambridge-based company has been instrumental in the Hercules programme since its inception, the first RAF Hercules having been delivered direct to Marshall, which subsequently performed all the major fleet conversion work and continues to support the C-130J. The new transport would have a capacity of 92 passengers, 72 combat troops or 64 paratroopers in a cargo compartment that was approximately 41 ft (12 m) long, 9 ft (2.7 m) high, and 10 ft (3.0 m) wide. , In 1958, a U.S. reconnaissance C-130A-II of the 7406th Support Squadron was shot down over Armenia by four Soviet MiG-17s along the Turkish-Armenian border during a routine mission. One of these C-130s crashed in June 2002 while operating the Retardant Aerial Delivery System (RADS) near Walker, CA. The American-built C-130 Hercules transport aircraft was an RAF workhorse well into the 21st Century from its UK debut in late 1966. Our Movers operate IT systems, load and unload transport aircraft and accompany cargo all over the world by air, rail and road. Thus, on 2 February 1951, the United States Air Force issued a General Operating Requirement (GOR) for a new transport to Boeing, Douglas, Fairchild, Lockheed, Martin, Chase Aircraft, North American, Northrop, and Airlifts Inc. 55-037 used by the 773 TCS, 483 TCW, 315 AD, 374 TCW, 815 TAS, 35 TAS, 109 TAS, belly-landed at Duluth, Minnesota, April 1973, repaired; 167 TAS, 180 TAS, to Chanute Technical Training Center as GC-130A, May 1984; now displayed at Museum of Missouri Military History, C-130A, AF Ser. The C-130 Hercules is the longest continuously produced military aircraft at over 60 years, with the updated Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules currently being produced.. No. During the Falklands War (Spanish: Guerra de las Malvinas) of 1982, Argentine Air Force C-130s undertook dangerous re-supply night flights as blockade runners to the Argentine garrison on the Falkland Islands. C-130B-II electronic reconnaissance aircraft were operated under the SUN VALLEY program name primarily from Yokota Air Base, Japan. A total of 13 aircraft were converted. A 23% scale model went through wind tunnel tests to demonstrate its hybrid powered lift, which combines a low drag airframe with simple mechanical assembly to reduce weight and better aerodynamics. The Hercules was tracked following the path of the Humber Estuary … After the move to Ubon, the mission became a four-engine FAC mission with the C-130 crew searching for targets then calling in strike aircraft. Later H models had a new, fatigue-life-improved, center wing that was retrofitted to many earlier H-models.  The Air Force Reserve Command announced the 910th Airlift Wing has been selected as a recipient of the Air Force Outstanding Unit Award for its outstanding achievement from 28 April 2010 through 4 June 2010. C-130H Royal Norwegian Air Force 953 was retired 10 June 2007 and moved to the Air Force museum at Oslo Gardermoen in May 2008. The aircraft is highly flexible, with the ability to airdrop a variety of stores and paratroopers, and operate from natural surface landing zones. Daisy Cutters were used to primarily clear landing zones and to eliminate mine fields.  However, in June 2010, Department of Defense approved funding for the initial production of the AMP upgrade kits. A December 1993 MoD requirement identified the need for a Hercules replacement and although the European FLA was considered, the only substitute for a Hercules turned out to be a Hercules, in the shape of the more powerful Lockheed C-130J, a next-generation machine then under development and featuring the latest avionics systems. The new aircraft is to carry a 190 percent greater payload and assume the mission of mounted vertical maneuver (MVM). The Hughes H-4 Hercules (commonly known as the Spruce Goose; registration NX37602) is a prototype strategic airlift flying boat designed and built by the Hughes Aircraft Company.Intended as a transatlantic flight transport for use during World War II, it was not completed in time to be used in the war.The aircraft … The British also used RAF C-130s to support their logistical operations. Please switch to using Chrome if you can. The C-130B model was developed to complement the A-models that had previously been delivered, and incorporated new features, particularly increased fuel capacity in the form of auxiliary tanks built into the center wing section and an AC electrical system. The aircraft, serial number 53-3397, was the second prototype, but the first of the two to fly. Since 2004, the Pakistan Air Force has employed C-130s in the War in North-West Pakistan.  It is most likely that the aircraft used on this mission was either C-130E serial number 64-0506 or 64-0507 (cn 382-3990 and 382-3991). Fairchild, North American, Martin, and Northrop declined to participate. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. To TC-130G in May 1990 and assigned as the U.S. Navy's, C-130E, AF Ser. These two aircraft were delivered to Air America in 1964. The Lockheed L-100 (L-382) is a civilian variant, equivalent to a C-130E model without military equipment. , Australia became the first non-American force to operate the C-130A Hercules with 12 examples being delivered from late 1958.  In August 2011, the AFRL released pictures of the Lockheed Speed Agile concept demonstrator. The KC-130 tankers, originally C-130F procured for the US Marine Corps (USMC) in 1958 (under the designation GV-1) are equipped with a removable 3,600 US gal (13,626 L) stainless steel fuel tank carried inside the cargo compartment. ", NOAA 'Hurricane Hunters' First To Get T56 Series 3.5 Engine Enhancement, USAF asks industry to answer C-130 replacement questions, Lockheed's stealth C-130 successor revealed, Boeing awarded patent for Speed Agile stealth transport concept, "C-X: Next-Gen Cargo Plane for the Joint Force", Requirements Mulled for Next-Generation Airlifter, "C-130 Hercules Lands on U.S.S. It would be powered by four IAE V2533 turbofans. The sensors worked and uploaded data to a U.S. intelligence satellite for six months before their batteries failed. The two wing-mounted hose and drogue aerial refueling pods each transfer up to 300 US gal per minute (1,136 L per minute) to two aircraft simultaneously, allowing for rapid cycle times of multiple-receiver aircraft formations, (a typical tanker formation of four aircraft in less than 30 minutes). A huge RAF aircraft has been spotted flying low directly above the Humber Bridge then across East Yorkshire today.. Another prominent role for the B model was with the United States Marine Corps, where Hercules initially designated as GV-1s replaced C-119s. It transported captured Panamanian dictator, C-130E, AF Ser. The last operator in the world is the Honduran Air Force, which is still flying one of five A model Hercules (FAH 558, c/n 3042) as of October 2009. Known to the RAF as Hercules C.Mk 1 (the C-130K designation only came into regular use as a differentiator after the C-130J entered service), the first aircraft completed its maiden flight on October 19, 1966. Instead, the Grumman C-2 Greyhound was developed as a dedicated COD aircraft. ", "Hercules National Air Force Museum of Canada", "Hercules Greenwood Military Aviation Museum", "Museo Aeroespacial Colombiano Tocancipá, Colombia", "Fuselage C-130 Hercules A-1301 Dalam Perjalanan ke Muspusdirla", "Hercules makes final flight into Cosford. , In January 2014, Air Mobility Command, Air Force Materiel Command and the Air Force Research Lab were in the early stages of defining requirements for the C-X next generation airlifter program to replace both the C-130 and C-17. The USMC versions are designated KC-130R or KC-130T when equipped with underwing refueling pods and pylons and are fully night vision system compatible. ", MC-130 J name change promotes modern missions, preserves heritage, "Lockheed Martin's Sea Hercules unveiled", "Aircraft Air Accidents and Damage Rates. , For almost two decades, the wing's 757th Airlift Squadron and the U.S. Coast Guard have participated in oil spill cleanup exercises to ensure the U.S. military has a capable response in the event of a national emergency.  The HTTB first flew on 19 June 1984, with civil registration of N130X. Divers say they have found wreckage of Hercules plane stolen by homesick US Air Force mechanic who was desperate to see his wife and then crashed as he tried to fly home from UK 50 … , The first flight of the YC-130 prototype was made on 23 August 1954 from the Lockheed plant in Burbank, California. Sweden and Spain fly the TP-84T version of the C-130E fitted for aerial refueling capability. Donald, David, ed. The greater payload and mission would enable it to carry medium-weight armored vehicles and drop them off at locations without long runways. XV208 Hercules W.2 RAF/Marshall Aerospace returning from it's first flight as the Airbus A400M engine test bed - from the EMCSdigital image library. The ramp on the Hercules was also used to airdrop cargo, which included a Low-altitude parachute-extraction system for Sheridan tanks and even dropping large improvised "daisy cutter" bombs.  The Air Force Research Laboratory funded Lockheed and Boeing demonstrators for the Speed Agile concept, which had the goal of making a STOL aircraft that can take off and land at speeds as low as 70 kn (130 km/h; 81 mph) on airfields less than 2,000 ft (610 m) long and cruise at Mach 0.8-plus. The disengagement was a result of the inadequate design of the rudder's integrated actuator package by its manufacturer; the operator's insufficient system safety review failed to consider the consequences of the inadequate design to all operating regimes. Other versions of the EC-130, most notably the EC-130H Compass Call, are also special variants, but are assigned to the Air Combat Command (ACC). That system consists of a C-130H/Q retrofitted with an in-floor discharge system, combined with a removable 3,500- or 4,000-gallon water tank. A Hercules transport plane came down in Ireland - but clearance from the Dublin government was not sought by … Three C-130Ks (Hercules C Mk.1P) were upgraded and sold to the Austrian Air Force in 2002.. More than 40 variants of the Hercules, including civilian versions marketed as the Lockheed L-100, operate in more than 60 nations. Transferred to, C-130E, AF Ser. The Hercules is the RAF’s primary tactical transport aircraft and in its current C.Mk 4 and C.Mk 5 versions of the C-130J-30 and C-130J, respectively, has been the backbone of UK operational tactical mobility tasks since it was brought into service in 1999. Designated Hercules C.Mk 4 in service, the C-130J-30 is just a little shorter than the C3, while the Hercules C.Mk 5 has the same fuselage length as the C1. It was identified in the 2010 Strategic Defence and Security Review for withdrawal from service in 2022, a decade earlier than originally planned, while the C-130K was retired on October 28, 2013 after almost five decades on the frontline. The model had four engines, including two Williams FJ44 turbofans. The 2015 Strategic Defence and Security Review reflected this thinking, with the announcement that 14 Hercules C4s will remain in service until 2030, with funding allocated not only for their operations, but also for upgrading and life extension. Having made their last operational flights on 25 October, the final two of 66 Hercules C-130K transport aircraft delivered to the RAF – Hercules C3As XV177, callsign “Reynard 1” and XV214 … By now the A400M programme was well advanced. Sgt. The L-100 also has two stretched versions.  Although Fat Albert supports a Navy squadron, it is operated by the U.S. Marine Corps (USMC) and its crew consists solely of USMC personnel. Most aircraft featured a swept blade antenna on the upper fuselage, as well as extra wire antennas between the vertical fin and upper fuselage not found on other C-130s. The C-130 entered service with the U.S. in 1956, followed by Australia and many other nations.  The pilot, Lieutenant (later Rear Admiral) James H. Flatley III, USN, was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for his role in this test series. Damaged in a landing mishap at RAF Thorney Island: The co-pilot was landing the aircraft during asymmetric landing training (Engine shutdown) and the a/c got away from him before the Flying … This record flight beat the previous record longest flight by over 10 hours and the two gunships took on 410,000 lb (190,000 kg) of fuel. Two missions were flown, one over Stanleyville and another over Paulis during Thanksgiving weeks. Sixty-six Hercules were therefore ordered, essentially to C-130H standard, but designated C-130K for export to the UK. " Both Hibbard and Johnson signed the proposal and the company won the contract for the now-designated Model 82 on 2 July 1951. In the 1980s, the C-130 was intended to be replaced by the Advanced Medium STOL Transport project. Until 2009, it also demonstrated its rocket-assisted takeoff (RATO) capabilities; these ended due to dwindling supplies of rockets.  After being returned to the U.S. Air Force sometime between 1966 and 1970, they were assigned the serial numbers of C-130s that had been destroyed in accidents. These range from navigation devices to aircraft defensive aids systems. C-130H, AF Ser. ", Dabney, Joseph E. A. On 15 March 2012, Royal Norwegian Air Force C-130J-30, 10-5630, c/n 5630, on a flight from Evenes, Norway to Kiruna, Sweden, impacted the side of Kebnekaise mountain, and disintegrated. Forrestal", "Dragon Operations: Hostage Rescues in the Congo, 1964–1965. McCullough, Amy. The Atlas was always earmarked to replace the Hercules and although its tactical capability is likely to have expanded dramatically by 2022, the C-130J clearly had an important tactical role to play until the A400M was fully established. With the VC10 tanker conversion programme yet to gather pace and the heavy Victor commitment in the South Atlantic, the versatile Hercules was also selected for conversion as a tanker, six aircraft receiving hose drum units (HDUs) and refuelling probes. Boeing's design completed over 2,000 hours of windtunnel tests in late 2009. No. The rescue force—200 soldiers, jeeps, and a black Mercedes-Benz (intended to resemble Ugandan Dictator Idi Amin's vehicle of state)—was flown over 2,200 nmi (4,074 km; 2,532 mi) almost entirely at an altitude of less than 100 ft (30 m) from Israel to Entebbe by four Israeli Air Force (IAF) Hercules aircraft without mid-air refueling (on the way back, the aircraft refueled in Nairobi, Kenya). Improvements included ring laser gyros for the INUs, GPS receivers, a partial glass cockpit (ADI and HSI instruments), a more capable APN-241 color radar, night vision device compatible instrument lighting, and an integrated radar and missile warning system. The moment was captured on camera by an …  Under the terms of this agreement, the USAF has cleared Boeing to begin low-rate initial production (LRIP) for the C-130 AMP. The U.S. Coast Guard employs the HC-130H for long-range search and rescue, drug interdiction, illegal migrant patrols, homeland security, and logistics. They are required to carry out maintenance and repair work on everything from engines to landing gear. Deliveries began in December 1956, continuing until the introduction of the C-130B model in 1959. The A-model continued in service through the Vietnam War, where the aircraft assigned to the four squadrons at Naha AB, Okinawa and one at Tachikawa Air Base, Japan performed yeoman's service, including operating highly classified special operations missions such as the BLIND BAT FAC/Flare mission and FACT SHEET leaflet mission over Laos and North Vietnam. History Office, Ames Research Center. In April 1965 the mission was expanded to North Vietnam where C-130 crews led formations of Martin B-57 Canberra bombers on night reconnaissance/strike missions against communist supply routes leading to South Vietnam. The C-130K is used by the RAF Falcons for parachute drops. Charlie Shaub and A1C Dave McAleece, Rhodes, Jeff. © 2021 Royal Air Force. 64-0533 - Taken in December 1964 by 314th Troop Carrier Wing, Sewart AFB, TN. This special mission treated more than 2.3 million acres at the direction of Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS) to assist in recovery efforts by helping contain the significant increase in pest insects caused by large amounts of standing, stagnant water. Development could start in 2014, and become operational by 2024. 74-1686 used by the 463rd TAW; one of three C-130H airframes modified to YMC-130H for aborted rescue attempt of Iranian hostages, C-130E/H/J cargo hold: length, 40 ft (12.19 m); width, 119 in (3.02 m); height, 9 ft (2.74 m). In the 1970s, Lockheed proposed a C-130 variant with turbofan engines rather than turboprops, but the U.S. Air Force preferred the takeoff performance of the existing aircraft. The Korean War showed that World War II-era piston-engine transports—Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcars, Douglas C-47 Skytrains and Curtiss C-46 Commandos—were no longer adequate.  The Air Force had attempted to replace the C-130 in the 1970s through the Advanced Medium STOL Transport project, which resulted in the C-17 Globemaster III that instead replaced the C-141 Starlifter. The Hercules serial number XV216, from RAF Lyneham in Wiltshire, was due to carry out an early morning parachute drop at Cagliari, Sardinia, as part of a large-scale joint training exercise called Coldstream. Having worked intensively during Operations Telic and Herrick alongside the legacy Hercules fleet, the C-130J has accumulated flying hours rather more rapidly than had been projected. The electrical system upgrade included Generator Control Units (GCU) and Bus Switching units (BSU) to provide stable power to the more sensitive upgraded components. Although the stated purpose of COMMANDO VAULT was to clear LZs, they were also used on enemy base camps and other targets. C-130E RAAF A97-160 used by 37 Squadron from August 1966, withdrawn from use November 2000; to, CC-130E RCAF 10313 (later 130313) is on display at the, CC-130E RCAF 10307 (later 130307) is on display in the Reserve Hangar at the Canada Aviation and Space Museum, Ottawa, Ontario, C-130B FAC 1010 (serial number 3521) moved on 14 January 2016 to the Colombian Aerospace Museum in, C-130B FAC1011 (serial number 3585, ex 59-1535) preserved at the Colombian Air and Space Museum within, C-130B Indonesian Air Force A-1301 preserved at Sulaeman Airstrip, Bandung. Meanwhile, in 1978 a conversion programme had begun to produce 30 Hercules C.Mk 3 aircraft by stretching the fuselage of the C1 to achieve a dramatic increase in cabin capacity. It is frequently employed to operate into countries or regions where there is a threat to aircraft; its performance, tactics and defensive systems make it the ideal platform for such tasks. Building on lessons learned, Lockheed Martin modified a commercial variant of the C-130 into a High Technology Test Bed (HTTB). This aircraft, named Snoopy, was withdrawn in 2001 and was then modified by Marshall of Cambridge Aerospace as flight-testbed for the A400M turbine engine, the TP400. For other aircraft called "Hercules", see, The aircrew of "Spare 617" were: Capt. After communist Simba rebels took white residents of the city of Stanleyville hostage, the U.S. and Belgium developed a joint rescue mission that used the C-130s to drop, air-land and air-lift a force of Belgian paratroopers to rescue the hostages. UK Crown Copyright. 57-0453 was operated from 1958 to 1991, last duty with 155th TAS, 164th TAG, C-130B, AF Ser. Also occasionally used for. One was shot down by a Royal Navy Sea Harrier using AIM-9 Sidewinders and cannon. 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